In 1876, only limited railroad lines existed; from the port of Veracruz to Mexico City, along with another line leading to the Textile Center of Puebla.
The initial problem lied in the topography and geography of the country itself. Unlike the United States, Mexico has no navigating rivers or a group of lakes large enough connecting to either ocean (i.e. Great Lakes). The occidential and oriental mountain ranges, going from North to South, constitute, up the present, a challenge to terrestrial travel from East to West or viceversa.
The problematic geography can be appreciated in the
following layout. Rivers lack length, width and are mostly shallow.
Furthermore, the abundant middle and high mountains prevented the infrastructure
and the urbanization of some areas (economically). The following layouts
show the railroad lines extention chronologically (during the Porfiriato):
THE BEGINNING OF THE PORFIRIATO
A DECADE LATER...
AT THE EDGE OF REVOLUTION
The infrastructural boom of the railroad in Mexico (in a span of 15 years) brought the nation into an all-time-high economic status. American, French, British and German enterprises filled Mexico's economic markets. However, the increase efficiency in transportation technology gave rise to the Hacienda system. As Mexico stabilized politically and began competing in the international economic arena, the social factor was deeply affected. Inevitably, the Mexican Revolution (of 1910) was around the corner.